Never “Enough Evidence” to Prosecute Criminals in Maldives?

On 4th February, Maldives reported a case of ISIS-affiliated stabbing of 3 tourists in Hulhumale’. Following an investigation, Police arrested a total of eight suspects. However, no charges were filed against three of the suspects due to insufficient evidence.

According to the Home Minister, Maldives Police Service did a thorough investigation and provided sufficient evidence, but the Prosecutor General (PG) says otherwise. With conflicting statements from Police and PG, the eight suspects were eventually released, prompting some to draw similarities to the real-life double murder case made famous by the Bollywood movie “Talvar”.

Australian man stabbed in the terror attack
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The critically acclaimed film is based on the 2008 Noida double murder case involving a teenage girl and her family’s servant. Due to the incompetence of the Police investigation team, rivalries within the institution, botched crime scenes, politics, and conflicting witness statements, two Police investigation teams turn up two conflicting hypotheses. The truth gets lost somewhere in the internal conflicts of the investigation and the Court rules there isn’t enough evidence to prosecute… and the prime suspects walk free.

The Hulhumale’ stabbing isn’t the only case that has been hindered by alleged incomplete investigations and lack of evidence, leading to prime suspects walking off scot-free. The disappearance of Shima is another such case.

Sadhoom courtroom scene from Muhammed Rasullalah series (Left) and young men posing at the witness stand and judge’s bench at a courtroom in Juvenile Court (Right)

Shima’s disappearance under questionable circumstances while at sea on a sinking dinghy with a man who became the prime suspect in the case, caused an uproar in the country. That the man managed to escape the dinghy by himself and swim ashore to a nearby island to tell a far-fetched story that he couldn’t back with any proof made the case even more suspicious.

However, the shock was nothing compared to what followed when the prime suspect was allowed to go free because authorities decided there was no evidence that a crime had even been committed. The man was later arrested again for abduction of Shima’s sister, and again released under certain conditions. Even more suspicious was the fact the suspect had prior criminal records even before he became the prime suspect in Shima’s disappearance. During the investigation, Police had access to a lie detector, which they could not use because of an apparent malfunction. The general public still wonder why Police were unable to get any facts about the case from their investigation and the interrogation of the suspect. The case stayed in the public eye for months, and then was gradually swept under the rug as time went by and nearly forgotten except by family and friends.

According to a prominent lawyer, Police have to investigate cases such as attacks and submit evidence to the PG office. After that PG will prosecute the suspects based on evidence provided. Hence, PG can only prosecute suspects if the evidence provided are sufficient enough.

The Prosecutor General, Uz. Hussain Shameem has stated that he can only prosecute a case based on the evidence submitted via the official investigation according to the Constitution. Even if he is aware that a crime has been committed, he cannot prosecute if sufficient evidence against the suspect is not provided.

Since the release of the eight suspects, the PG Office has formulated a guideline for the investigations of serious crimes and instructed Maldives Police Service to follow it immediately. The new guideline was formulated in accordance to Art. 223(d) of the Constitution to oversee the legality of criminal investigations, as a measure to strengthen the criminal justice system.

Supreme Court Judges

Later in April, Police confirmed that investigations into the stabbings revealed that the act was carried out by terrorists, in retaliation against authorities over the counter-terrorism operation “Asseyri”, conducted in Maduvvari in December 2019.

Despite advancements brought to courts and judges, especially to the Supreme Court, the justice system in Maldives remains crippled in many ways and a playground for those who have the power to swing decisions their way. Even suspects arrested for serious crimes are released willy-nilly, apparently on the whims of various authorities, and usually in contrast to Police statements affirming that they provided enough evidence to prosecute.

With every change in government, the public continue to wonder if and whether the Maldives will ever have a justice system that can actually ever deliver justice.

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